Memoria de trabajo y Consciencia:

tres perspectivas teóricas

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30854/anf.v29.n53.2022.800

Palabras clave:

consciencia, memoria de trabajo, teoría del espacio de trabajo global, modelo jerárquico, yo

Resumen

La perspectiva de la Memoria de Trabajo (MT) como proceso consciente ha permitido definir la consciencia como el contenido de la MT; sin embargo, han surgido inquietudes sobre las comparaciones que se han realizado entre ambas. Objetivo: aunque la relación entre estos dos campos de estudio ha sido planteada desde la psicología, la filosofía y la neurociencia, una revisión teórica que aborde los elementos centrales de las perspectivas más citadas enriquecería el debate en esta área de conocimiento. Metodología: esta revisión se centra en tres perspectivas teóricas: 1) el modelo multicomponente de memoria de trabajo; 2) la Teoría del Espacio de Trabajo Global (GWT); 3) el modelo jerárquico. Se analizaron 113 artículos en los que se abordaron las tres perspectivas anteriores. Resultados: el modelo multicomponente de memoria de trabajo aporta una descripción funcional básica sobre cómo las representaciones mentales permanecen en línea durante un procesamiento cognitivo complejo. De este modo, de un lado, el intercambio de información entre el ejecutivo central y el búfer episódico; y de otro lado, el bucle fonológico y la agenda visuoespacial se presenta a través del procesamiento consciente. Conclusiones: asimismo, el ejecutivo central controla y modifica la atención, pero el búfer episódico permite la disponibilidad de información multimodal.

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Publicado

2022-07-05

Cómo citar

Landinez-Martínez, D.-A., Montoya-Arenas, D.-A., & Pineda-Salazar, D.-A. (2022). Memoria de trabajo y Consciencia:: tres perspectivas teóricas. ÁNFORA, 29(53), 244–272. https://doi.org/10.30854/anf.v29.n53.2022.800